# Profitability Index Learn How to Calculate the Profitability Index

You will then have to make a decision on what’s going to be best for your business moving forward. The result can be a higher return on investment and an increase in potential profitability. The profitability index can also get referred to as the benefit-cost ratio. Even though some projects have higher net present values, they might not capital amount have the highest profitability index. At the beginning of the project, the initial investment required for the project is $10,000, and the discounting rate is 10%.

It divides project capital cash inflows based on projected capital cash outflow. Anything lower than that is going to indicate that a project’s present value is going to be far less than the initial investment. So, as the profitability index value increases, so will the financial benefits of the potential project. The main difference between NPV and profitability index is that the PI is represented as a ratio, so it won’t indicate the cash flow size.

## Download the Project Profitability Template

A higher PI means that a project will be considered more attractive. Simply enter your initial investment and discount rate, then use the profitability index formula to fill in the rest of the template. For example, a project that costs $1 million and has a present value of future cash flows of $1.2 million has a PI of 1.2. The new factory project is expected to cost $2 million and generate cash flows of $300,000 per year for the next 5 years, also with a discount rate of 10%. Because profitability index calculations cannot be negative, they must be converted to positive figures. Calculations greater than 1.0 indicate the future anticipated discounted cash inflows are greater than the anticipated discounted cash outflows.

## Real Function Calculators

By contrast, there are also a few limitations or disadvantages to the profitability index formula. Because the PI value is greater than one, the project will be profitable. With the profitability index, the higher the value, the more profitable the investment. Before investing in any new project, it’s crucial to analyse its chances of profitability. This is where the profitability index is useful, giving an easily understandable ratio that can help with decision making. But the company also needs to consider other projects where the PI may be more than 1.3.

But, the profitability index can get calculated using the following profitability index formula(s). As per the formula of the profitability index, it can be seen that the project will create an additional value of $1.003 for every $1 invested in the project. Therefore, the project is worth investing since then it is more than 1.00. The NPV shows you how profitable the project in question will be compared to alternative projects. Often though, it isn’t always this simple to see that everything is equal except for the term.

To calculate NPV all, we need to do is to add up all discounted cash flows and then deduct the initial investment required. We found out all of the above-discounted cash flows by using the same method. Only the cost of capital changed due to the increase in the number of years. If the IRR is lower than the cost of capital, the project should be killed. Profitability index is a measure investors and firms use to determine the relationship between costs and benefits before embarking on a proposed project or investment.

- The NPV method reveals exactly how profitable a project will be in comparison to alternatives.
- Generating profit and increasing that profit margin is the difference between keeping your doors open or closed.
- When the future cash flows of five years from the poultry sales are discounted at a rate of 10%, the total sum of the present value (PV) is $800,000.
- As per the formula of the profitability index, it can be seen that the project will create an additional value of $1.003 for every $1 invested in the project.
- Because, unlike PI, NPV does not consider the initial investment tied up in a project.
- With the profitability index, the higher the value, the more profitable the investment.

## Logistics Calculators

When applying the PI technique to check on the profits expected from a project, it is recommended to not consider the size of the project. It is because there are instances where there re larger cash flows, but then the PI is limited due to the restricted profit margins. Hence, it is important to be wise when implementing this technique for accurate results. Firms follow the profitability index rule to obtain ratios that depict returns with respect to each investment dollars. Hence, it enables companies to choose projects that are best value for money. The profitability index rule is a decision-making exercise that helps evaluate whether to proceed with a project.

## What Is the Profitability Index? Definition & Calculation

If you want to learn how to calculate your project’s profitability index or learn how discounting works, keep reading! This article addresses how to use the profitability index calculation to rank project investments and quantify the enterprise value created. The profitability index formula uses the same variables as the net present value, and likewise, doesn’t annualize the returns. In other words, there may be a positive IRR and a payback period, while still having a PI less than 1, and a NPV less than $0. The discount rate is an important part of the profitability index calculation.

It works as a way for you to appraise a project to make a more informed decision. To find more attractive investments, look for a profitability index that is the highest. This shows that the project will generate value for your business and it can be a good investment. It can be helpful to calculate the net present value prior to calculating the profitability index.

The profitability index formula runs into the same problems that the NPV does. Suppose that two investments have a NPV of $1000, but one project is for 3 years and the other is for 5 years. It is easy to see that one xero would prefer to get their net current value within 3 years than 5 years. Also, this is not a real comparison as there is 2 additional years of using that money, perhaps with a different investment, that isn’t added to the NPV and considered.

And when it comes to projects or possible investments, understanding the benefits you can receive is important. The higher a profitability index means a project has benefits and would be considered more attractive. It can be very helpful in ranking potential projects in order to let investors quantify their value. The profitability index considers the time value of money, allows companies to compare projects with different lifespans, and helps companies with capital constraints choose investments. The NPV method reveals exactly how profitable a project will be in comparison to alternatives. When a project has a positive net present value, it should be accepted.

A profitability index greater than 1.0 is often considered a good investment, as the expected return is higher than the initial investment. Notwithstanding, when comparing the attractiveness of different independent projects, to maximize limited financial resources, you must accept the project with the highest PI. Because, unlike PI, NPV does not consider the initial investment tied up in a project.

The index can be used alongside other metrics to determine the best investment. It is considered that when NPV is $0+ and the profitability index is 1+, the project is a healthy venture. However, when comparing two positive projects, the NPV does not consider the amount tied up in the investment.